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Taif Rose Name, species and origin. The Taif rose or better known as wardh Taifi, is a flower with 30 pink petals of uneven size. …

Musk What is Musk? I have compiled my researches about the difference between white musk and black musk, but also regarding the …

Lavender Lavender is a very fragrant shrub with mauve or purple flowers, very distinctive with its colour and fragrance. The word lavender comes from the …

Jasmine Jasmine is with rose one of the two queens of plants used for fragrances. Its name is derived from the Arabic word ياسمين …

Ambergris The treasure of the sea has a name: ambergris. This word comes from French ”ambre gris” which literally means grey amber. But …

Agarwood & Oud It is one of the most expensive perfume ingredients in the world and it has gained a great popularity in modern …

What is Luxury? A lot of people try to define luxury by expertise, price or rarity. True luxury is a mix of …

Top 5 Perfumes for the Youth In our multi-cultural society, people tend to have different aspects of what they would call, « …

How to be Classy? A person’s class is felt in their appearance and actions. Indeed, it is not enough to wear one …

French, Muslim, and a Nose Being French, when you think of France you think of The Eiffel Tower, The Louvre, The Baguette, …

Best Perfumes for Ramadan The month of Ramadan is a month of spirituality. Additional prayers are performed at night after the Isha …

13 Best Fashion Quotes I have selected for you 13 quotes from people known and recognized in the fashion industry in general and perfumery in particular.I did not …

The Most Ancient Perfume in the World Let’s begin with some geography: Philae is an island of Aswan. Aswan is a city located in …

Raw Materials Transformation The two historical transformation techniques for raw materials are distillation by water vapor and the enfleurage. Extraction through volatile solvents and then with supercritical …

Olfactory Fatigue Olfactory fatigue is not a myth but a real thing, and it deserves some attention. Nose saturation happens when your nasal …

Notes in Perfumery Notes in perfumery are descriptors of scents that can be sensed upon the application of a perfume. Top notes are perceived …

Incense Perfume Fumigation Perfume comes from the Latin word “per fumus” meaning through smoke. Indeed history of perfumery begins with scents which …

How to Apply Attars? Concentrated perfume oil has many commercial names: Pure perfume, Musk, Oriental perfume, Attar, Elixir, Oil based perfume. In our house, …

History of Perfumery The word perfume was used before to denote a pleasant smelling smoke from a burning substance, especially one used in fumigation. …

Essential oil, Concrete & Absolute Essential oils are produced through a process of distillation with steam or water. They are the largest category …

Essential Oil Distillation Perfume ingredients referred as essential oils are obtained by steam distillation. It is a popular technique using an alembic …

Are Perfumes Unisex? The concept of perfume for men or women appeared in the nineteenth century with the advent of modern perfumery …

The Somali Queen Arraweelo was the firstborn of three daughters of a king and the natural heir to her father’s kingdom. Scroll down …

The Round City of Baghdad Baghdad is known today as the capital of Iraq, a historical city, with an estimated 7,000,000 inhabitants. Located along …

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